Vacation To Mount Rushmore
Posted by: Karen Fowler
Mount Rushmore is a national memorial found near Keystone, South Dakota. Mount Rushmore has a large sculpture on its surface that shows the faces of four U.S. presidents. The four U.S. presidents found on the mountain include George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. As a national monument, Mount Rushmore symbolizes 150 years of American history. Nearly three million visitors travel to Mount Rushmore to look at this amazing creation.
Doane Robinson, a well-known historian in South Dakota, gave birth to the idea of carving the faces of western heroes on a mountain in the Black Hills area of the state. Robinson wanted to attract tourists to South Dakota. He needed money to get the project started, so he contacted Senator Peter Norbeck. Senator Peter Norbeck liked the idea enough to gain the support of other fund holders. After gaining support from Norbeck, Robinson went on a search to find a professional sculptor. Robinson found Gutzon Borglum, a Danish-American sculptor, with a flawless reputation. Borglum liked the idea of carving the faces of famous people into the mountain. However, he wanted to carve something meaningful to America.
Borglum searched for the perfect spot to create his masterpiece. He finally found the 5,725 foot Mount Rushmore, named after the New York lawyer Charles E. Rushmore in 1885. Robinson thought that the sculpture would show an important historical event that shaped America. At first, he imagined a sculpture showing the Pilgrims and Indians. To his surprise, Borglum described four U.S. presidents that summarized American history. Borglum wanted to also create a separate wall behind the U.S. presidents that would store and preserve national documents and artifacts. Robinson and Norbeck liked the idea, which led to the start of the project on October 4th, 1927.
Borglum chose George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt as the four U.S. presidents. Each U.S. president represented an important phase in American history. For instance, George Washington represents the birth of America since he was our first president. Thomas Jefferson helped to expand the nation. Abraham Lincoln preserved the country during the Civil War. Theodore Roosevelt paved the way for the development of our country. Borglum completed the project the way he wanted with a team of dynamite blasters and sculptors in 1941.
Follow these links to learn more about Mount Rushmore:
- American Experience: Mount Rushmore: Watch this video to learn more about this amazing monument.
- Dynamite Presidents: Help Gutzon Borglum sculpt Mount Rushmore in this interactive game.
- The History of Mount Rushmore Trivia: Answer these trivia questions on the history of Mount Rushmore.
- All About Mount Rushmore: Learn all about Mount Rushmore using this easy-to-navigate webquest.
- The Presidents of Mount Rushmore (PDF): Use these twelve lesson plans to learn everything about Mount Rushmore.
- Mount Rushmore Memorial Park Quick Facts: Read this summary for a quick overview of Mount Rushmore Memorial Park.
- Mount Rushmore Crossword Puzzle: Use this crossword puzzle to learn more about the important people, places, and events surrounding the creation of Mount Rushmore.
- Gutzon Borglum: Find out more about the sculptor of Mount Rushmore.
- Mount Rushmore Information: An introductory video that explains the creation of Mount Rushmore also known as the Shrine of Democracy.
- Mount Rushmore Study Guide (PDF): Read this study guide to gain a thorough understanding of Mount Rushmore.
- Mount Rushmore ThinkQuest: Read to find more about one of America's most interesting landmarks.
- Ben's Guide to U.S. Government for Kids: Mount Rushmore: Mount Rushmore has four U.S. presidents that can be viewed by anyone, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.
- Mount Rushmore, South Dakota: National Geographic shares an amazing photograph of Mount Rushmore located in South Dakota.
- Men of Mount Rushmore: Learn about the men found on Mount Rushmore and the mountain itself.
- A Tour of Four National Landmarks: Sit back and relax while on this virtual tour of Mount Rushmore.
- Deconstructing History: Mount Rushmore: A near two-minute video clip that explains the creation of Mount Rushmore.
- Mount Rushmore: National Memorial: An introduction to one of the greatest symbols of this country's freedom.
- Mt. Rushmore's Legacy: Four Men and Their Continued Effect on Foreign Policy and Executive Power: A webpage that explains why Gutzon Borglum chose the four presidents carved on Mount Rushmore.
- Mount Rushmore: What is the World's Largest Sculpture?: Find out how Gutzon Borglum sculpted the four presidents found on Mount Rushmore.