Posted by: Karen Fowler
Mount Rushmore is a national memorial found near Keystone, South Dakota. Mount Rushmore has a large sculpture on its surface that shows the faces of four U.S. presidents. The four U.S. presidents found on the mountain include George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt. As a national monument, Mount Rushmore symbolizes 150 years of American history. Nearly three million visitors travel to Mount Rushmore to look at this amazing creation.
Doane Robinson, a well-known historian in South Dakota, gave birth to the idea of carving the faces of western heroes on a mountain in the Black Hills area of the state. Robinson wanted to attract tourists to South Dakota. He needed money to get the project started, so he contacted Senator Peter Norbeck. Senator Peter Norbeck liked the idea enough to gain the support of other fund holders. After gaining support from Norbeck, Robinson went on a search to find a professional sculptor. Robinson found Gutzon Borglum, a Danish-American sculptor, with a flawless reputation. Borglum liked the idea of carving the faces of famous people into the mountain. However, he wanted to carve something meaningful to America.
Borglum searched for the perfect spot to create his masterpiece. He finally found the 5,725 foot Mount Rushmore, named after the New York lawyer Charles E. Rushmore in 1885. Robinson thought that the sculpture would show an important historical event that shaped America. At first, he imagined a sculpture showing the Pilgrims and Indians. To his surprise, Borglum described four U.S. presidents that summarized American history. Borglum wanted to also create a separate wall behind the U.S. presidents that would store and preserve national documents and artifacts. Robinson and Norbeck liked the idea, which led to the start of the project on October 4th, 1927.
Borglum chose George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt as the four U.S. presidents. Each U.S. president represented an important phase in American history. For instance, George Washington represents the birth of America since he was our first president. Thomas Jefferson helped to expand the nation. Abraham Lincoln preserved the country during the Civil War. Theodore Roosevelt paved the way for the development of our country. Borglum completed the project the way he wanted with a team of dynamite blasters and sculptors in 1941.
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